Anyone who gets an abortion in the Philippines is subject to criminal punishment.

Japan is one of the few countries in the world to allow abortion on broad social and economic grounds, yet third-party consent is required before having the procedure. This means a married woman must get the signed consent of her husband before she can seek an abortion, and it is often cost-prohibitive.

Europe

The vast majority of nations in the European Union allow abortion in some capacity. Countries that allow abortions on request, per CRR, include: Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Sweden, though many have varying gestational limits and other barriers to attaining care. 

Many European countries, including Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Switzerland, do not allow most abortions after 12 weeks. Only Iceland and the Netherlands allow abortions up until 22 weeks in most cases, according to the Abort Report. In Britain, pregnant people can get an abortion up until 24 weeks but must get the sign-off of two doctors. Finland allows abortion on broad social or economic grounds, though there are gestational limits and other caveats.

In multiple European countries, including Belgium, Italy, and the Netherlands, a pregnant person must undergo a mandatory waiting period between their abortion request and the actual procedure. In Italy, for example, this period is a grueling seven days. There, doctors can also be conscientious objectors, refusing to perform abortions because of their personal beliefs. 

In 2018, 69% of Italian gynecologists fell into this category, making it difficult for pregnant people to find medical care. Conscientious objectors are permitted in many other European countries, and of those countries for which there was available data, only Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Sweden, and Switzerland do not allow doctors to conscientiously object to performing an abortion, per a 2020 Abort Report.

Multiple European countries also force abortion-seeking patients to go through counseling or to receive information from their doctor that can dissuade them from ending their pregnancy. These countries include Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands.

In Malta, abortion is criminalized. Anyone who causes a miscarriage can be held in prison from 18 months to three years, including the patient, reports EuroNews. Doctors who “knowingly prescribe or administer the means” of miscarriage can face up to four years in jail and be permanently banned from practicing, according to the outlet.

Poland allows abortions in circumstances such as rape, incest, or if the mother is at risk of death; though, as the New York Times recently reported, rape victims require a certificate from the prosecutor and maternal health now competes with that of the fetus. A 2020 court ruling indicated that fetal defects are not a sufficient cause to have an abortion, per reporting by Politico.



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