Gen Z Is the Most Pro-Union Generation


This story is published as part of Teen Vogue’s 2022 Economic Security Project fellowship.

A year after Striketober took over the headlines, major labor disputes continue to erupt around the country, with new workplaces joining the union fight.

Today, the Center for American Progress (CAP) released a brand new report on pro-union sentiment that labels Gen Z “America’s most pro-union generation.” According to the data, Gen Z’ers are even more pro-union than older generations were at their age.

CAP shared an early version of the report with Teen Vogue, and we’ve laid out some highlights below:

There’s broad support for unions across generations

For the purposes of this report, Gen Z’ers are defined as being 23 years old or younger in 2020. Millennials are defined as being 24 to 39 years old in 2020, Gen X’ers are defined as 40 to 55 years old in 2020, and Baby Boomers are defined as 56 to 74 years old in 2020.

  • Gen Z has an average approval rating of 64.3% compared to 60.5% for millennials. That number drops to 57.8% for Gen X, and 57.2% for Baby Boomers.
  • Gen Z is more pro-union than any other generation of almost any other year that union support was measured.
  • Millennials are the only generation that has had a higher pro-union rate than Gen Z’ers, with 68.4% of millennial respondents supporting unions in 2000. Support among millennials had fallen to 61.2% by 2004.
  • The oldest Gen Zers were 23 in 2020, with a union approval rating of 64.3%. When the oldest Millennials were 23 years old (2004), their generation had a union approval rating of 61.2%. When the oldest Gen X’ers were 23 years old (1988), their generation had an approval rating of 59.0%.

There’s a narrowing college-degreed vs. non-degreed divide

For the purposes of this report, “college-educated” or “college-degreed” means people who’ve graduated with a four-year degree.

  • Both college-degreed (63.7%) and non-college-degreed (64.4%) Gen Z’ers have a higher approval rating for unions than either degreed or non-degreed millennials, Gen X’ers, or Baby Boomers.
  • Millennials are the only generation where college-degreed respondents (61.3%) have a higher union approval rating than non-degreed respondents (59.9%).
  • Both college-degreed and non-college-degreed Gen Z’ers and college-degreed and non-college-degreed millennials have a higher approval rating than either degreed or non-degreed Gen X’ers or Baby Boomers.
  • Gen X’ers with a college degree have the lowest union approval ratings than any group — even lower than college-degreed Baby Boomers — along with the widest gap between college-degreed (55.9%) and non-degreed respondents (59.1%) of any generation.

The bipartisan pro-union divide is narrowing slowly

  • Gen Z has the narrowest partisan divide between Democrats and Republicans; approval of unions, with a difference of 14 percentage points — followed by millennials and Gen X’ers with differences of 15 percentage points and 16 percentage points, respectively.
  • Baby Boomers have one of the highest Democrat union approval ratings at 69%, second only to Gen Z Democrat approval rating of 70%.
  • Baby Boomers have the widest partisan divide, with 46% of Republicans and 69% of Democrats supporting unions, for a difference of 23 percentage points.

There are gender divides in pro-union sentiments

This study only takes “male” and “female” gender identities into account. With the highest concentration of people who identify as queer and nonbinary of any generation, it would be interesting to see how a greater variety in gender identifiers might impact the data.

  • Gen Z is the only generation with male respondents having greater support (65.7%) for unions than female respondents (62.8%).
  • Both male and female Gen Z’ers have a higher approval rating for unions than either male or female millennials, Gen X’ers, or Baby Boomers.
  • Gen Z’ers and millennials have the smallest gender difference at 2.9 percentage points for both generations, whereas Gen X’ers have a difference of 3.1 percentage points, and Baby Boomers have a difference of 4.6 percentage points.
  • Baby Boomers have the widest gender divide in union support, with 59.4% of female respondents and 54.8% of male respondents approving of unions.

Stay up-to-date with the politics team. Sign up for the Teen Vogue Take



Source link

Home  Articles  Disclaimer  Contact Us